There are hundreds of different types of Nike shoes. It is not easy to generalise since different models or series and their varying editions make use of distinct materials. Even if the same raw materials are used, the mishmash is different and there is always more or less of each component depending on the purpose and design. What we do know is the general materials used by the company to makes its bestsellers.
The most commonly used general materials are fabric or canvas, plastic, foam, rubber, leather and other textiles. Metals and allows are used in specific types of Nike shoes. There are many kinds of foams, rubbers and leathers. Both natural and synthetic rubbers are among the six major raw materials used by the company. Leathers could be split, dyed or suede. The company mostly uses EVA foam or ethylene vinyl acetate for the thin layer that provides support to the arch. The mid-sole that is tasked with absorbing shock is made with liquid silicone or polyurethane surrounding gel. Polyurethane foam is the name used by the company. The out-sole is usually blown rubber if it is soft or carbon rubber if it is hard.
Most Nike shoes will contain rubber, foam, polyester, cotton and natural or synthetic leather. It is quite possible for a pair to be made of all these major raw materials. There can be other components depending on the design and purpose. For instance, studs may use plastic, metal or alloy. Metallic parts may be used as a part of design too, not just purely functional or operational. The natural raw materials are sourced from various regions. The synthetic materials are most manufactured in China. Nike is one of the more conscious companies when it comes to eco friendliness. They do recycle materials and have an environmentally responsible sourcing policy.